In a presidential statement of 21 February 2007 (S/PRST/2007/3), the Security
Council expressed interest in receiving a report on United Nations approaches to
security sector reform. By its resolution 61/291, the General Assembly asked me to
submit to it a comprehensive report on United Nations approaches to security sector
reform. The present report was prepared in response to those requests.
The United Nations exists to support the maintenance of international peace
and security and to assist Governments and peoples in building a world in which
freedom from fear and want is a reality for all. The lessons of the past 60 years have
illustrated that these goals are fundamentally intertwined; security, development and
human rights are preconditions for sustainable peace. Member States are the primary
providers of security, which contributes to the protection of human rights and
sustainable development. The task of the United Nations is to support national actors
in achieving their security, peace and development goals. To that end, the
development of effective and accountable security institutions on the basis of
non-discrimination, full respect for human rights and the rule of law is essential.